12 Crestview St, Kenmore,
PO Box 609, Kenmore,
Queensland, Australia 4069
Phone: (07) 3878 4075 Fax: (07) 3878 4078
Email: kcurry@chinafinders.com.au
ACN 010 524 053     ABN 11 010 524 053
back| main menu | search | email
                             

DATING DOULTON BURSLEM

By 1877 Henry Doulton had established the name of the Doulton Lambeth art wares and set up factories making sanitary, industrial and architectural products in Rowley Regis, St. Helens and Smethwick. He decided to accept an invitation to invest money in Pinder, Bourne & Co., Burslem, a medium-quality earthenware factory. Within ten years he had enlarged the factory three times, built a china works, taken on the largest and most gifted group of artists in the Potteries, and developed for Doulton a reputation for craftsmanship and artistry still identified with Royal Doulton today.

There follows a selection of the backstamps most commonly used on Doulton Burslem wares, and some further hints on dating. The information is taken by permission from "The Doulton Burslem Wares" by Desmond Eyles, a compulsory work of reference for any collector of Doulton wares (see back page).

The reference numbers for the Doulton Burslem marks have been prefixed by the letter 'B' to distinguish them from those also numbered 1 and up in the list of Lambeth marks given in The Doulton Lambeth Wares.

Between 1878 (when Henry and James Doulton acquired the major interest in the Pinder, Bourne factory in Nile Street, Burslem) and 1882 (when the name of the firm was changed to Doulton & Company, Burslem) existing Pinder, Bourne marks continued in use, such as the name in full: PINDER BOURNE CO.: and the initials P.B. & CO. or P.B.

B.1

Other devices occur incorporating the name of the pattern. Several of these were adopted after 1882 by Doulton and remained in use for about twenty years. The following are two typical examples found on the patterns Rouen and Kew. Various other pattern names will be found. (The coronet on B.1 was added c. 1886).

B.2

B.3

This mark, adapted from a similar Lambeth mark incorporating a device of four interlocking D's was introduced c. 1882 (not 1879 as was once thought). After 1891 the word ENGLAND was added underneath. The mark continued in use until 1902.

B.4

The coronet was probably added to the earlier mark c. 1886 to mark the appointment of Henry Doulton as 'Potter to H.R.H. The Prince of Wales' (later King Edward VI 1), ENGLAND was added underneath after 1891. This mark continued in use until 1902. It appears to have been used instead of B.3 especially on bone china products and on the more expensive earthen wares. A simplified version showing only the coronet on a flat base and the word DOULTON was also used.

B.5

An adaptation of B.4 used on the Holbein Wares mainly between 1895 and 1903. Occasionally found also between 1903 and 1915 along with B.7 but the later Holbein Wares were not always specifically marked. The printed or impressed word HOLBEIN is also found on some examples of this particular ware.

B.6
Several variants of this mark (with or without the words CHINE WARE) are found on Chiné and Chiné-gilt Wares together with marks B.3, BA or B.7 for relevant periods between 1885 and 1939.
B.7

Introduced in the latter part of 1901 to mark the grant of the Royal Warrant by King Edward VII together with the specific right to use the word ROYAL to designate Doulton products. This mark was in general use at Burslem between 1902 and 1922. On smaller wares, only the bottom half of this mark (i.e. omitting the lion and crown) is found. Although B.8 was generally used between 1923 and 1927 B.7 is occasionally found on wares made during these years.

B.8
This mark which differs from B.7 by the omission of the crown was in use between 1923 and 1927. The reason for the variation is not known. The bottom part only of this mark is found on smaller wares up to the present day and by itself is not a useful indication of date.
B.9
Differing from B.7 by the addition of the words MADE IN ENGLAND, this mark was commonly in use after 1932. However, the exact date of introduction is not known. Many dated examples between 1928 and 1931 exist, and occasional examples dated between 1923 and 1927 have also been noted although B.8 was more generally used in those years (with the words MADE IN ENGLAND at the bottom of the mark in place of the single word ENGLAND). This mark is still used on fine earthenware products such as Character Jugs.
B.10

This is the same as 13.9 except for the addition of the words BONE CHINA. It was in use for all Fine Bone China products between 1928 and 1959 and is still used today on figures, animal models and other non-tableware Bone China products.

B.11

Introduced in 1959 to replace B.10 for use on Fine Bone China Tableware. Still in use today.

B.12

Introduced in 1960 for the then newly launched English Transluccent China Tableware. In use until 1973-4 when the name was changed to Fine English China and the new trade-mark B.13 was introduced.

B.13

Introduced during the period 1973-74 for the newly named Fine English China and still in use today.

Various special marks will be found on figures, Character Jugs, animal models, Series Wares, Titanian, Morrisian, Flambé, Sung and Chang Wares, etc. These, by themselves, are not of much help for the purpose of dating but fortunately they are usually in addition to the standard trade-mark in use at the time, e.g. B.7 to B.10. A Flambé piece with B.7 for example, will have been made before 1927 and probably before 1922. Pattern numbers, Registration numbers and artists' signatures can also help to indicate the period of production. A few examples of special marks are given below:

B.14

A special mark often found in conjunction with B.7 on Morrisian Wares, 1901-1924.

B.15

A special mark found on Titanian Wares, especially small items 1916-c. 1933. On larger pieces B.7 to B.9 are found with the word TITANIAN printed underneath.

 

B.16 This mark, either by itself, or together with B.9, appears on Brangwyn Wares made between 1930 and c. 1942.
B.17

This mark appears on early Flambé Wares especially small pieces. Several variations of the standard trademark are found with the word FLAMBE printed underneath.

B.18

Sung script mark used in conjunction with Flambé trademark c. 1920-c. 1940. Also in this example are C. J. Noke's signature and Fred Moore's monogram.

B.19

Chang script mark used in conjunction with standard, trademark 1925-c. 1940. Also in this example are C. J. Noke's signature and Harry Nixon's monogram.

 

B.20 Chinese Jade script mark uses in conjunction with standard trademark 1920-c. 1940. Also in this example are C. J. Noke's signature and Harry Nixon's monogram.
B.21

Many Series Ware patterns also have their own special back-stamps. Two typical designs are illustrated:

Under the Greenwood Tree

 

The Gallant Fishers

B.22
B.23

There are numerous special marks referring to glaze effects, specific patterns and commissioned pieces.

This mark is found on a simulated Chinese glaze effect bowl. Also marked with impressed word DOULTON.

B.24

This mark is found on biscuit barrels produced for McVitie and Price.

B.25

This mark was used on a loving cup made for Courage & Co. to celebrate Queen Elizabeth 11 Coronation, 1953.

B.26

This mark is used on Bunnykins nursery ware.

Some marks found on Doulton figures:

B.27

B.28 B.29 B.30

Some of the marks found on Doulton Character jugs:

B.32 B.32 B.33 B.34

Detailed descriptions of figures, Character Jugs and Toby Jugs, with dates of introduction and (where applicable) of withdrawal, will be found in the publications Royal Doulton Figures and Royal Doulton Character and Toby Jugs (see back page).

Pattern and code numbers

The following numbers indicate the approximate periods during which the patterns so marked were first introduced. It must be kept in mind that some patterns remained in production and usually kept the same number for many years. The trade-marks were, however, changed several times between the 1880s and now, and these can help to establish the period of production.

There was sometimes an overlap in numbering between the end of one year and the beginning of another, so that some of the dates of introduction given below may be a year out. Because of missing records it has not always been possible to give the numbers year by year.

Many pieces fortunately carry in addition to trade-mark and pattern number an impressed or printed indication of when they were made. The impressed date may give the year only, e.g. 1900; the month and year, e.g. 12-06 for December 1906; or, occasionally, the full date, e.g. 10-6-09 for 10th June 1909. The impressed dates are not always easy to see and may be overlooked if one is not careful.

The printed dates are usually indicated by Code Numbers beginning with 1 for 1928 and up to 30 for 1957. A simple way of calculating the date is to add the number in question to 1927. Thus 14 indicates the year 1941 and 23 indicates 1950. On some patterns, particularly on china, the date has been written in special ink.

A -NUMBERS
(FINE EARTHENWARE)

C -NUMBERS (CHINA)

1- 6882

c. 1881- 1892 1- 1705 1884-1888

6883- 7467

1893 1706- 4240 1889-1891

7468- 8084

1894 4241- 4945 1892

8085- 8592

1895 4946- 5930 1893
8593- 9144

1896

5931- 7070 1894-1895

9145- 9617

1897 7071- 8085 1896-1897

9618-10000

1898 8086- 9065 1898-1899
   

9066- 10000

1900-1901

D-NUMBERS (FINE EARTHENWARE)

1- 339 1899 4823 -4969 1929
340 - 769 1900 4970 -5069 1930
770-1137 1901 5070-5169 1931

1138 -1495

1902 5170-5230 1932
1496 -1869 1903 5231 -5429 1933
1870 -2161 1904 5430 -5520 1934
2162 -2442 1905 5521 -5612 1935
2443 -2723 1906 5613 -5749 1936
2724 -2914 1907 5750 -5875 1937
2915 -3079 1908 5876 -6009 1938

3080 -3229

1909 6010-6110 1939
3230 -3374 1910 6111 -6285 1940 -1948
3375 -3519 1911 6286 -6390 1949 -1952
3520 -3635 1912 6391 -6408 1953
3636 -3714 1913 6409 -6438 1954

3715 -3821

1914 6439 -6454 1955
3822 -3939 1915 6455 -6464 1956
3940 -4074 1916-1918 6465 -6492 1957
4075 -4143 1919-1920 6493 -6507 1958
4144 -4230 1921-1922 6508 -6547 1959

4231 -4360

1923 6548 -6558 1960
4361 -4470 1924 6559 -6567 1961
4471 -4559 1925 6568 -6587 1962
4560 -4659 1926 6588 -6596 1963
4660 -4737 1927 6597 -6006 1964
4738 -4822 1928    

E-NUMBERS (CHINA)

1- 940

1901 -1902 6016 -7683 1911

941- 1950

1903 7684 -8277 1912

1951- 3040

1904 8278 -8933 1913
3041- 4054 1905 -1906 8934 -9527 1914
4055- 6015 1907 -1910 9528 -10000 1915

H-NUMBERS (CHINA)

1 - 359 1916 4241 -4329 1934
360 - 709 1917 4330 -4425 1935

710 - 759

1918 4426 -4519 1936
760 - 906 1919 4520 -4609 1937
907 -1049 1920 4610 -4710 1938
1050 -1179 1921 4711 -4821 1939 -1942
1180 -1443 1922 4822 -4849 1943 -1946

1444 -1812

1923 4850 -4906 1947- 1952
1813 -2268 1924 4907 -4930 1953
2269 -2649 1925 4931 -4935 1954
2650 -3180 1926 4936 -4941 1955
3181 -3599 1927 4942 -4950 1956 -1957

3600 -3770

1928 4951 -4956 1958
3771 -3909 1929 4957 -4959 1959
3910 -4010 1930 4960 -4961 1960
4011 -4099 1931 4962 -4964 1961
4100 -4189 1932 4965 -4968 1962
4190 -4240 1933 4969 -4975 1963

V-NUMBERS (CHINA)
The V-numbers were almost always used after 1927 for patterns on an ivory tinted china body. Before 1927 some H-numbers were also used for this body.

V-NUMBERS (CHINA)

1 - 376 1927-1928 1801-1909 1937
377 - 820 1929 1910-2069 1938
821 -1000 1930 2070-2170 1939
1001 -1190 1931 2171-2250 1940
1191 -1320 1932 2251 -2295 1941-1942
1321 -1940 1933 2296 -2365 1943 -1948
1491 -1619 1934 2366 -2384 1949 -1950
1620 -1710 1935 2385 -2400 1951 -1954
1711 -1800 1936    

RA-NUMBERS

Hand-painted, and largely hand-painted, wares designed and decorated by Robert Allen and artists in his studios, were often given RA-numbers, written by hand, in addition to the usual trade-mark and any other number. Unfortunately many of the record books giving details are missing, but despite this what is available is interesting as giving some idea when pieces so numbered were designed. These hand-painted wares were not reproduced in great quantities and some items bearing RA-numbers would probably never have been repeated.

The dates below are when the books containing the designs recorded in each were purchased. They give a fairly close idea of the dates of the designs. It will be noted that in the book numbered 26, the pattern numbers begin again with RA-1. By this time, of course, the lion and crown badge was in use so there need be no confusion. The RA-numbering was continued for several years after Allen had retired.

Book Nos. Pattern Nos. Book Purchase Date & Details
1-6

RA 1- 763

These books purchased before Nov. 1892 are missing.

7

RA 764-1323 18 Nov. 1892
8-9

RA 1324 – 2234

missing

10

RA 2235 – 2763 10 Nov. 1897

11

RA 2764 - 3254 14 Jan. 1899
12 RA 3255 - 3705 17 Dec. 1900
13 RA 3706 - 5000 21 Apr. 1902
14 RA 5001 - 5404 27 Apr. 1903
15 RA 5405 - 5805 11 May 1904

16

RA 5806 - 6202 11 Oct. 1905
17 RA 6203 - 6602 1 Feb. 1907
18 RA 6603 - 7002 22 May 1908
19 RA 7003 - 7402 10 Dec. 1909
20 RA 7403 - 7806 28 Apr. 1911
21

RA 7807 - 8204 "

18 Nov. 1912
22 RA 8205 - 8606 Date missing. Probably early 1914.
23 RA 8607 – 9004 Missing. (First World War period).
24 RA 9005 - 9402 Book purchased 9 Apr. 1919
25 RA 9403 - 9802 27 Aug. 1921
26

RA 9803 - 9999
RA 1- 199

Nov. 1923
27 RA 200 - 509 c.Dec.1925 - Nov. 1928
28 RA 510 - 709 c.Nov.1928 - Dec. 1930
29 RA 710 - 906 c.Dec.1930- June 1932
30

RA 907-1112

c.June1932 - Nov. 1933
31 RA 1113 - 1333 c.Nov.1933 - June 1934
32 RA 1334 - 1538 c.June1934 - Mar. 1937
33 RA 1539 - 1741 c.Mar.1937- ? 1943
34 RA 1742 - 1774 During the Second World War.
The RA-numbers were discontinued about 1943 or 1944 and not resumed.

Royal Doulton
GALLERY

167 Picadilly, London, W1 V 9DE
Telephone (071) 491 2717

A varied programme of exhibitions of interest to the Royal Doulton enthusiast.

Artistry in Action

Take a trip around the Royal Doulton Pottery in Burslem and see artistry in action. During more than a century and a half Royal Doulton have gained a unique reputation for ceramic work of art. Each new generation of potters and ceramic artists strives to improve on its predecessors' work. Our world famous figures, ornaments and fine china take shape before your eyes as you are guided through every facet of our centuries old creative art.

Write or telephone for full details:

    Mrs Sandra Baddeley
    Tours Organiser
    Doulton Fine China
    Nile Street, Burselm
    Stoke-on-Trent ST6 2AJ

    Telephone: (0782) 575454

The Sir Henry Doulton Gallery

This unique gallery, at the Doulton Fine China Nile Street Pottery, Burslem, traces the story of Doulton from its foundation in 1815 and includes the world famous collection of several hundred rare figures. The gallery is named after Sir Henry Doulton, son of the founder of the company, who was the first potter ever to be knighted for services to ceramic art.

Open weekdays, 9.00-4.15. Closed factory holidays. (no appointment necessary) Telephone (0782) 575454

A body of collectors has grown up interested in all branches of Doulton's varied output and today an International Collectors Club exists to cater for this interest- full details can be found below.

 

The Royal Doulton International Collectors' Club

The Royal Doulton International Collectors' Club is a flourishing organisation devoted to meeting the needs and special interests Royal Doulton enthusiasts.

Why don't you take advantage of the many benefits?

How the club can help you
You have the opportunity to add to your collection with specially commissioned items. Exclusive to members, on a limited basis, they bear the unique backstamp of the Club.

Members are kept up to date on collecting matters by mailings. Four times a year you will receive the well illustrated Club magazine, full of articles and news concerning Royal Doulton wares past and present. One of the jobs of the Club is to help you identify and date unusual items and find out other relevant information by referring to the Royal Doulton archives.

The club regularly announces where Royal Doulton artists and designers are holding demonstrations. If visiting the Potteries, Club members are invited to tour the Royal Doulton studios free.

To take advantage of all the benefits of membership write for an application form to Royal Doulton International Collectors' Club at U.K. Branch, Minton House, London Road, Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 7QD, Telephone (0782) 744766 or to the appropriate address shown below.


THE ROYAL DOULTON COLLECTORS' LIBRARY

To satisfy an overwhelming demand from the world's museums, libraries and collectors, these handsome and authoritative reference books have been published with the full co-operation of Royal Doulton.

Each one is written by an acknowledged expert, copiously illustrated, and will remain the definitive work on specialist aspects of Royal Doulton artistry for many years.

"The Royal Doulton Figures Book" c.1890-1987

Desmond Eyles, Richard Dennis and Louise Irvine

"The Doulton Burslem Wares"

Desmond Eyles

"Royal Doulton Series Ware" Volume 1
"Royal Doulton Series Ware" Volume 2
"Royal Doulton Series Ware" Volume 3
"Royal Doulton Series Ware" Volume 4  

Louise Irvine
"The Doulton Story" Paul Atterbury and Louise Irvine
"Collecting Royal Doulton Character and Toby Jugs" (revised edition) Jocelyn Lukins

"Doulton Kingsware Flasks"

Jocelyn Lukins
"Doulton Flambe Animals"

Jocelyn Lukins

"Doulton Burslem Advertising Wares"

Jocelyn Lukins
"Doulton for the Collector" Jocelyn Lukins
"Phillips Collectors Guide - Royal Doulton" Catherine Braithwaite

"Royal Doulton Limited Edition Loving Cups and Jugs"

Louise Irvine and Richard Dennis
"Sir Henry Doulton Biography" Edmund Gosse

"Hannah Barlow"

Peter Rose
"Bunnykins Collectors Book" Louise Irvine
"A Bunnykins Book -Counting"
"A Bunnykins Book - Nursery Rhymes"
"A Bunnykins Book - ABC"

"A Bunnykins Book - Rhyming Games"
All four books illustrated by Colin Twinn


Royal Doulton Addresses

Royal Doulton Limited,
Minton House, London Road
Stoke-on-Trent, ST4 7QD
Tel: (0782) 744766

nv Royal Doulton (Belgium) sa,
25 Europark Noord,
Sint Niklaas 2700, Belgium.

Doulton Tableware Pty, Limited,
17-23 Merriwa Street, Gordon,
NSW 2072, Australia.
Doulton and Co. (S.A.) Pty, Limited,
P.O. Box 6254, Johannesburg 2000,
South Africa.
Doulton and Co. Inc.,
700 Cottontail Lane, Somerset,
New Jersey 08873, USA.

Doulton Canada Inc,
850 Progress Avenue, Scarborough,
Ontario M1 H 3C4, Canada.